Declared Cultural Heritage by UNESCO in 1987, Xochimilco is today not only one of the favorite places for Mexican families to have fun during the week, but a green respite from the city bustle of the capital.
Ride a trajinera
You cannot go there and not get on one of the famous trajineras of Xochimilco. Colorful, bombastic and almost always with a woman’s name, so are these typical boats with which the canals of Xochimilco are traveled. Decorated with flower arches and with an average capacity of ten people.
Inaugurated under the name of Museum of Plastic Arts, on November 29th, 1934, it was the first art museum in Mexico. The first cultural venue dedicated to exhibit artistic objects for its contemplation. Its collection included pieces from the 16TH century to the 1934 murals by Diego Rivera and José Clemente Orozco, as well as a Mesoamerican sculpture room, another of Mexican philately and a Museum of Popular Art, which hosted the Roberto Montenegro collection.
Less than a hundred kilometers from Mexico City are the ruins of the sacred city of Teotihuacán. Declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO, the archaeological zone contains some of the most important treasures of Mesoamerican civilizations:
- The Citadel
- The Temple of the Feathered Serpent
- The Causeway of the Dead
- The pyramid of the sun
- The Pyramid of the Moon
At its peak, Teotihuacán was home to more than 100,000 inhabitants, and was one of the largest urban centers in the ancient world.
PIRAMIDE DE TEOTIHUACAN
ANTHROPOLOGY NATIONAL MUSEUM
The ANM houses a magnificent and vast collection of ethnographic objects. A part of them is distributed in the 11 rooms that make up the museography on the second level of the museum and the other part is in shelter. These objects have distinctive characteristics of the worldview and daily life of the indigenous peoples of Mexico today. Some pieces date from the Colony, as is the case of some textiles. The objects have a variety of materials, such as ceramics, basketry, wood, feathers, cotton fabrics, wool, silk, leather and silver, among others.
MUSEO NACIONAL DE ANTROPOLOGIA
The majestic Metropolitan Cathedral is considered, along with the Plaza de la Constitución, a World Heritage Site. It is the largest cathedral in Latin America, with a floor plan in the shape of a Latin cross with three fabulous main doors that open onto the Zócalo square and 14 sorrounding chapels.
Three centuries of history
The cathedral was built over three centuries and that is why it is a compendium of the architectural styles of the viceroyalty: renaissance, baroque and neoclassical, are all reflected in the building. The current church was inaugurated in 1667, although its exterior was completed in 1813.